Clear, concise and technically accurate drawings help to avoid miscommunication at all stages of design, from concept to manufacturing or construction, and minimise costly errors. Software like PYTHA 3D-CAD makes the execution of perfect plans easy, but knowing the fundamentals of technical drawing is essential.
Pytha Partners Australia have developed a simple ‘A-B-C’ method that will ensure your technical drawings are detailed to a tee.
A for Australian Standards
If you’re looking for consistency in your technical drawings, Australian Standards are an excellent reference. Using AS1100.101-1992 (R2014) – Technical Drawing General Principles – as a starting point for a quality control checklist will make sure you’re on the right track.
This Standard sets out the basic principles of technical drawing, including:
- common abbreviations
- sizes and layout of drawing sheets
- types and thicknesses of lines to be used, with examples of their application
- requirements for distinct uniform letters, numerals and symbols
- recommended scales and their applications
- methods of projection and indication of various views (elevations etc.)
- means of indicating sections, and conventions used in sectioning details
- recommendations for dimensioning including size and geometry tolerances
- protocols used for the representation of components
AS 1100.301-2008 Technical Drawing Architectural Drawing is another useful Standard. It’s complementary to AS 1100.101 (above), and indicates methods of presenting drawings of architectural work, before, during and after the construction period. It includes information on additional abbreviations, the layout of drawing sheets, line conventions and conventions for the cross-referencing of drawings, coordinates and grids.
Check your local library for copies of these standards, or visit www.saiglobal.com for more information.
B for Brevity
Many designers and drafties think their intentions will be made more explicit by filling their orthographic drawings with notes, but this is not always the case.
Applying the ‘KISS’ theory (keep it simple, stupid!) to your drafting will make for easy-to-read, uncluttered documentation. Consider the following when aiming for brevity:
- Be consistent with your layouts, linework, dimensioning, abbreviations and symbols (using Australian Standards and your quality control checklist).
- Avoid large blocks of notes, and embrace white space!
- Include a legend to explain and/or confirm the meaning of abbreviations and symbols.
- Back up your plan set up with a comprehensive specification (set out in table format) and an accurate 3D rendering, and you’ll ensure everyone is on the same page, with all the information they’ll need.
C for Clarity
Technical drawing is a method of communication – think of it as a language that everyone should be able to understand. By delivering clear and consistent plans, you’ll be more likely to be understood, and less likely to have to explain your intentions over and over again. To ensure your drawing set comes together in a way that can be clearly comprehended:
- Plan your drawing set in advance (floor plan, elevations, mechanical/structural plans, sections and 3D renderings). Lead the reader through the set of drawings with clearly set out call-outs (symbols) and references.
- Plan each particular drawing before getting into the detail, making sure the layout is clear and logical – don’t be afraid of white space!
- Consider how the reader will be viewing your plans: will they print them out (A4? A3? A0?) or view them on a big screen monitor or an on-site iPad? Can your drawings be easily read when reduced or enlarged?
The level of flexibility that your software allows will naturally impact upon the above. A quality CAD system like PYTHA will allow you to adjust your setouts and linework and conform with Australian Standards, ensuring the technical drawings you produce are top quality, every time.
Find out more about PYTHA at www.pythapartners.com.au.